Rape in armed conflict

international criminal prohibitions and their enforcement by Heli Askola

Publisher: [Turun yliopisto, Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta] in Turku

Written in English
Published: Pages: 136 Downloads: 487
Share This

Subjects:

  • War crimes,
  • Rape,
  • Women (International law),
  • Crimes against,
  • Women

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 7-18).

StatementHeli Askola
SeriesPublications of the Faculty of Law of the University of Turku. Public law serie -- 13
Classifications
LC ClassificationsKZ7162 .A855 2000
The Physical Object
Pagination136 p. ;
Number of Pages136
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24877821M
ISBN 10951291803X
LC Control Number2002413744

rights abuses, armed groups, mining of conflict minerals, and commercial products,” and requires the U.S. Comptroller General to submit to Congress a report that includes “an assessment of the rate of sexual- and gender-based violence in war-torn areas of the Democratic Republic of the. Women, Armed Conflict and International Law. 2. The Impact of Armed Conflict on Women. 3. International Humanitarian Law, Women and Armed Conflict. 4. A Gender View of the Shaping of IHL. 5. UN Developments Concerning Women and Armed Conflict. 6. International Redress. 7. The Way Forward. A Final Word. Bibliography. by: This chapter discusses the impacts of armed conflict on women and girls, including the renewed social vulnerabilities these conflicts cause. These vulnerabilities include rape, forced marriage, forced impregnation, indentured labour, sexual servitude, and the intentional spread of HIV/AIDS. Based on his chapter in a recently published book, UNU-ISP’s Obijiofor Aginam discusses the indiscriminate deployment of rape by combatants and the breakdown of public health infrastructure in war/conflict zones, and calls for effective reparation for HIV-infected victims of rape in post-conflict societies. While the history of wars and conflicts is replete with systematic incidents of.

  Rape and other forms of sexual violence have always been a feature of war. Yet it is only fairly recently that researchers have identified rape as a deliberate tool of war-making rather than simply an inevitable side effect of armed conflict. Rape and violent sexual abuse of women in armed conflict has a long history which corroborates that sexual violence is not only common; in effect it is encouraged. In war, every man could be king [1]. Rape has existed as an invidious expression of the domination and subjugation of women throughout the course of human existence and is compelling evidence of the subordination of women by men [2.   Background. Since the end of World War II, armed conflicts have been recorded in locations [].Sexual violence has long been part of armed conflicts, with great variation as to scale, type of violence, who is targeted and the extent to which there exists a specific tactic to commit such violence [].Sexual violence has been defined in the World Report on Violence and Health as “any. Buy Rape Loot Pillage: The Political Economy of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (Oxford Studies in Gender and International Relations) by Sara Meger (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.

KEY PLAYERS. The Congolese Armed Forces (Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo, FARDC): The Congolese national army, FARDC, created in has an estimated strength of , soldiers, many from former rebel groups who were incorporated following various peace deals. About half of the Congolese army is deployed in eastern Congo.   Sexual violence is a severe human rights violation that ‘happens in a place, and involves violent acts, perpetrators, victims, survivors and impacts ranging from health to a broad array of social consequences. Sexual violence is also a tool or strategy of war that encompasses the pre-conflict, conflict escalation and post-conflict breaks taboos, thereby violating rules and crossing.   It would make rape during armed conflict a war crime. "It has already been discussed in committee," says Juma Ahmad Atigha, deputy president of the general national congress (GNC). "In a .   " For some figures and examples, see S. Brownmiller, Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape (), at 31; Chinkin, ‘Rape and Sexual Abuse of Women in International Law’, 5 EJIL () , at ; Copelon, ‘Surfacing Gender: Re-engraving Crimes Against Women in Humanitarian Law’, 5 Hastings Women's LJ () , at –4; J.G. Gardam and M.J. Jarvis, Women, Armed Conflict Cited by:

Rape in armed conflict by Heli Askola Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rape and other forms of sexual violence have always been a feature of war. Yet it is only fairly recently that researchers have identified rape as a deliberate tool of war-making rather than simply an inevitable side effect of armed by: Rape and other forms of sexual violence have always been a feature of war.

Yet it is only fairly recently that researchers have identified rape as a deliberate tool of war-making rather than simply an inevitable side effect of armed conflict. Rape by combatants during armed conflict is now explicitly recognized as an inter - national war crime and, in some settings, as genocide or a crime against humanity.

The. Additionally, the book includes several case studies of sexual violence in armed conflict, including an examination of Japanese “comfort women,” sexual violence in the World Wars, the DRC, and how the notion of sexual violence shapes Hindu nationalism in India. Rape loot pillage is very rich on a theoretical level, although the analysis could have been deepened by including the voices and experiences of survivors of rape.

In writing the book, Meger did not draw on interviews with victims of rape and, as such, this volume lacks a grounded perspective, rooted in survivors' experiences of rape in : Sahla Aroussi. Using the Peruvian internal armed conflict as a case study, this book examines wartime rape and how it reproduces and reinforces existing hierarchies.

Jelke Boesten argues that effective responses to sexual violence in wartime are conditional upon profound changes in legal frameworks and practices, institutions, and society at large. Janie L. Leatherman looks at the causes and consequences of sexual violence in armed conflicts. Her book Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict is timely.

She creates a link between global political economic structures’ involvement in armed conflicts and violent acts (gender-based violence, sexual violence and rape in particular) that come with it.

7 For other discussions of the practice of rape in armed conflict, see Americas Watch and the Women’s Rights Project, Untold Terror: Violence Against Women in Peru’s Armed Conflict (December.

The fallout of rape as a weapon of war The life-long and intergenerational impacts of sexual violence in conflict Nicola Jones, Janice Cooper, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall and David Walker Key messages Rape and other forms of sexual violence during armed conflict are now acknowledged as weapons of war.

It will be seen that the gradual acknowledgement of rape and sexual violence as an international crime has the potential of empowering women and can give them the ability to use international law as a powerful tool to redress violence perpetrated against them in armed conflict.

Reviews the book, Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict by Janie Leatherman (). The link between post-Cold War conflicts and global economic actors has long been argued by “new wars” : Sara Meger. Book Description: Sexual violence is a particular brand of evil that women have endured—more than men—during armed conflicts, through the ages.

It is a menace that has continued to challenge the conscience of humanity—especially in our times. Chapter 2 Superior Responsibility for the Rape of Women during Armed Conflicts. On The Stream: How countries are addressing sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict areas.

The Stream - Rape as a weapon of war: The untold story of armed conflict. Books shelved as heroine-abused-traumatic-past-rape: Highlander Most Wanted by Maya Banks, Raze by Tillie Cole, Silver Bastard by Joanna Wylde, Beneath T. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the causes, consequences and responses to sexual violence in contemporary armed conflict.

It explores the function and effect of wartime sexual violence and examines the conditions that make women and girls most vulnerable to these acts both before, during and after by: The resolution demanded the “immediate and complete cessation by all parties to armed conflict of all acts of sexual violence against civilians.” While women’s rights groups and others working to end sexual violence are under no illusions that the resolution is a panacea, most agree that it is a much-needed step in the right direction.

At the international level, basic laws aimed at preventing it are not in short supply. What is needed is a more conscious determination to enforce existing laws.

This book explores ways of doing just that; thereby shoring up international legal protection of women from sexual violence in armed conflicts.

Cambridge Core - Human Rights - Conflict-Related Violence against Women - by Aisling SwaineCited by: 1.

Her award-winning book, Rape during Civil War, examines variations in the use of rape during recent civil conflicts and draws on extensive fieldwork. Rape loot pillage: the political economy of sexual violence in armed conflict.

[Sara Meger] -- The securitization of sexual violence -- Toward a feminist political economy of sexual violence in war -- A preliminary typology of wartime sexual violence -- Sexual violence as an instrument of.

Sexual violence occurs throughout the world. Although in most countries there has been little research conducted on the problem, available data suggest that in some countries nearly one in four women may experience sexual violence by an intimate partner (1–3), and up to one-third of adolescent girls report their first sexual experience.

like Practices During Periods of Armed Conflict, 50 UN ESCOR, UN Doc. E/CN./4/Sub.2//13 (), and Update to the Final Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Systematic Rape, Sexual Slavery and Slavery-like Practices During Periods of Armed Conflict, 52 UN ESCOR, UN Doc.

Rape and other forms of sexual violence have always been a feature of war. Yet it is only fairly recently that researchers have identified rape as a deliberate tool of war-making rather than simply an inevitable side effect of armed conflict.

Much of the emerging literature has suggested that Author: Sara Meger. This book is an attempt to dehomogenize conflict-related sexual violence to better understand its causes and consequences in contemporary armed conflicts.

This book poses the question: how does sexual violence function in the context of armed conflict, and how does its function vary in different conflict contexts. Get this from a library. Rape loot pillage: the political economy of sexual violence in armed conflict.

[Sara Meger] -- Rape and other forms of sexual violence have always been a feature of war. Yet it is only recently that researchers have identified rape as a deliberate tool of war-making rather than simply an.

Rape In Armed Conflict History Essay. J History. Greeks raped ; Homer ‘s Iliad offers an penetration into the destiny of adult females in war, the book opens with an statement between the Grecian warriors Agamemnon and Achilles over the ownership of adult females seized during the Trojan War. History of Rape in armed conflict.

Rape and violent sexual abuse of women in armed conflict has a long history which corroborates that sexual violence is not only common; in effect it is encouraged. the book opens with an argument between the Greek warriors Agamemnon and Achilles over the possession of women seized during the Trojan War.

Cambridge Core - Humanitarian Law - The Law of Armed Conflict - by Gary D. Solis. Armed groups are using rape in a brutal, calculated way to punish and terrorize women and girls.

Every day, survivors live with the devastating aftermath of rape, and the knowledge that their. Democratic Republic of Congo's civil war, which tolled over 5 million casualties sincemay serve as a horrendous example of an armed conflict, in which rape is used systematically, as a weapon of war, entailing enormous number of several hundreds of thousands of victims (Council of Europe, a, International Trade Union Federation Author: Natalia Buchowska.

Sexual violence in armed conflict: Addressing the causes and the consequences - Duration: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) 1, views focused on the protection of civilians during armed conflicts. In the past two decades, this focus has included a growing awareness of the gender-related impacts of armed conflict, and the role of women in conflict and post-conflict settings.

A significant development in humanitarian law was the two Additional Protocols () to the.The report highlights the linkages between sexual violence and conflict, including the profile of the perpetrator, several “emerging concerns”, including perpetration of sexual violence against men and boys, plight of rape-born children, forced marriages to armed groups, sexual violence and illicit extraction of natural resources, use of.